SAMR Model Explained

SAMR Model Explained

The SAMR model describes a continuum of the extent to which technology is integrated in the classroom; from the enhancement of existing practices to the development and creation of new practices.

The SAMR model enables teachers to gauge how technology is utilized in classrooms. The focus is on how technology is changing the learning for students and not the technology itself. 

Technology integration can be considered on a continuum - moving from substitution to redefinition but real transformation of learn doesn't happen until modification and redifination.

Substitution is when the use technology is used as a direct substitute for existing classroom practices. It is doing the same task with the introduction of technology but without any modification of the task. For example, using a notetaking application on the iPad to draft a document rather than handwriting with paper and a pencil.

Augmentation involves some functional improvement but is still a direct tool substitute. The task has not changed but been enhanced slightly. For example, using some of the iPad’s built in tools such as the thesaurus, dictionary or speak mode to augment the classroom task.

If technology integration remains in the substitution and/or augmentation level, classroom workflows will only be slightly enhanced. Students may be engaged whilst using technology in the classroom but the use of the device remains defined and limited.

Modification involves giving students a different kind of task. For example, using multimedia and adding sound and video.

Redefinition is doing something that was inconceivable without technology and gives students a stage. For example, creating a digital storybook to share with students across the classroom, school or world.

When technology is used in this way it leads to the transformation of classroom and student.

Lesson Ideas and Shadowing a Techie Teacher

Below is a video demonstrating how a teacher (Mrs. Vernier) integrated technology into a lesson after a student showed her a website that allowed you to display your ideas visually in a 30 second video. It completely "REDEFINED" how students learned about leadership.

Example of the SAMR Model for teachers in the classroom (PDF)

Prezi of examples of the SAMR Model in Language Arts and Math